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The femur of Elrhazosaurus (Wikimedia Commons)


Elrhazosaurus (Greek for "Elrhaz lizard"); pronounced ell-RAZZ-oh-SORE-us


Woodlands of Africa

Historical Period:

Early Cretaceous (130-125 million years ago)

Size and Weight:

About 4 feet long and 20-25 pounds



Distinguishing Characteristics:

Small size; bipedal posture

About Elrhazosaurus:

Dinosaur fossils not only have a lot to say about local ecosystems, but also about the arrangement of the world's continents 100 million years ago. Until recently, Elrhazosaurus--the bones of which were discovered in central Africa--was considered to be a species of a similar dinosaur, Valdosaurus, hinting at a land connection between these two continents. The assignment of Elrhazosaurus to its own genus has muddied the waters somewhat, though there's no disputing the kinship between these two bipedal, plant-eating, toddler-sized ornithopods.
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