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Kotasaurus (Getty Images)


Kotasaurus (Greek for "Kota lizard"); pronounced KOE-ta-SORE-us


Woodlands of central Asia

Historical Period:

Middle Jurassic (180-175 million years ago)

Size and Weight:

About 30 feet long and 10 tons



Distinguishing Characteristics:

Large size; relatively thin legs

About Kotasaurus:

Either a very advanced prosauropod (the early line of herbivorous dinosaurs that gave rise to the giant sauropods of the later Jurassic period) or a very early sauropod, Kotasaurus has been reconstructed from the remains of 12 separate individuals, the bones of which were found tangled together in a riverbed in India. (The most likely scenario is that a herd of Kotasaurus were drowned in a flash flood, then piled up on the bank downriver.) Today, the only place to see a Kotasaurus skeleton is at the Birla Science Museum in Hyderabad, India.
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