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The Dinosaurs and Prehistoric Animals of Illinois

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To date, no dinosaurs have been discovered in Illinois--but this state has been home to some notable prehistoric amphibians and invertebrates, as listed below. (See an interactive map of dinosaurs and prehistoric animals in the United States.)

1. Greererpeton

greererpeton
Dmitri Bogdanov
Greererpeton is better known from West Virginia--where over 50 fossils have been discovered--but specimens of this eel-like tetrapod have also been unearthed in Illinois. Greererpeton most likely "de-evolved" from the first amphibians about 330 million years ago, living its entire life in the water (which explains why it was equipped with extremely vestigial limbs).

2. Lysorophus

lysorophus
Wikimedia Commons
Yet another eel-like tetrapod of the Carboniferous period, Lysorophus lived around the same time as Greererpeton, and possessed a similarly eel-like body and vestigial limbs. This tiny creature was unearthed in Illinois' Modesto Formation, in the southwest corner of the state.

3. Tullimonstrum

tullimonstrum
Wikimedia Commons
The official state fossil of Illinois, Tullimonstrum (the "Tully Monster") was a soft-bodied, foot-long, 300-million-year-old invertebrate vaguely reminiscent of a cuttlefish. This strange creature was equipped with a two-inch-long proboscis studded by eight tiny teeth, which it probably used to suck up small organisms from the sea floor.
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